BCAAs are branched amino acids that can be distinguished by their chain-like molecular structure. Amino acids in themselves are the chemical compounds that make up proteins. When you consume proteins, they are broken down into amino acids by digestion to be absorbed by the body. There are 22 different amino acids that make up the proteins of all living things (with a few exceptions). Among these amino acids are thus BCAA: leucine, valine and isoleucine. These three amino acids alone account for one-third of muscle protein and can not be produced by the body, only food can provide them to the body.
At this level, we can already feel the interest of BCAA for athletes.
But in addition to their strong muscle presence, BCAAs have an anabolic regulation role. This is partly due to the presence of leucine, whose anabolic interest is the most powerful but which needs isoleucine and valine to produce a lasting action. In addition, leucine is one of the few amino acids that can be oxidized to be used by muscles as fuel. A double interest therefore.
THE EFFECTS OF BCAA
BCAAs are capable of provoking a powerful anabolic response. Studies show that taking BCAA around a workout increases anabolism when it is much lower in placebo candidates. This anabolic effect is very interesting for athletes since it is through anabolism that the muscles will be built and recovery will be able to be done. An athlete has every interest in looking for anabolism to increase muscle mass and performance over the long term.
BCAA also have the ability to improve protein synthesis. That is, thanks to taking BCAA, the body’s ability to recycle and use protein will be better. This results in less protein waste and greater assimilation. This action is particularly interesting since the proteins will be better used and can be more easily fixed in the muscles. We deduce a faster muscle construction.
ENERGY AND ENDURANCE
BCAAs can also be used to provide more energy to the muscles. The process starts with the production of alanine, a non-essential amino acid, from BCAA. Alanine will in turn favor the creation of pyruvic acid, an important element in carbohydrate metabolism and the production of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the first muscle fuel. It is therefore understandable that taking BCAA can promote the production of energy and bring more energy but also push the limits of fatigue. This mechanism of action is useful for both strength and endurance athletes.
Catabolism is the opposite of anabolism. It is a state of metabolism during which the body tends to destroy cells. The consumption of BCAA allows the body not to destroy muscle fibers to obtain new amino acids. Thanks to this, the integrity of the muscles can be better preserved. By reducing catabolism and promoting anabolism, BCAAs allow this balance to lean toward building more than cell destruction.